PLAGIARISM, THE BANE OF ACADEMIC ROBBERY
FROM THE DESK OF ButyGlobal
29TH JULY, 2019
1.0 What is Plagiarism?
According to Merriam-Webster online dictionary, plagiarism is the stealing of someone else’s idea without giving credit to the source and thereby presenting an idea or product as new and original. Also, Stepchyshym and Nelson (2007) define plagiarism as the wrongful appropriation and stealing, and publication of another author's language, thoughts, ideas or expression, and the representation of them as one's original work. The thoughts of Stepchyshym and Nelson concerning the definition of plagiarism was coined out of the Oxford English dictionary and modified.
2.0 The Big Issue
The reports of plagiarism are prevalent in this modern era whereby the internet has made it easy to source information. Young researchers in academia easily claim the authority of such information obtained from the internet without giving credit to the source. This has hindered deep thinking and brilliant solutions to emanate as a research outcome. Plagiarism mostly occurs when researchers in academia failed to identify gaps from the literature review and thereby filling the identified gaps. The identification of research gaps from literature and filling the gaps is referred to as the statement of the research problem and not the statement of the problem. There is needed to come up with a summary of how the research will have plausible result more than the existing works that have been carried out.
The difference between a statement of the research problem and the statement of the problem is that:
The statement of research problem deals with the identification of research gaps and contributing innovative approach to improving the existing work. This is mostly applicable to Doctoral Thesis and Master Dissertation. The summary at the end of the statement of the research problem is the contribution to knowledge emanating from the researcher.
Statement of the problem is the identification of problems. This is mostly applicable in Undergraduate Final Year Project and Postgraduate Diploma Project.
The above sentences were the conversations between Professor Samson Olawale FADARE of the Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife and Mr Adetayo Olaniyi ADENIRAN of the Federal University of Technology Akure.
3.0 Dynamics of Academic Plagiarism
According to Turnitin (2017), the following are considered to be the forms of plagiarism of how plagiarism exists:
Turning in someone else’s work as your own;
Copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit;
Failing to put a quotation in quotation marks;
Giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation;
Changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit;
Copying so many words or ideas from a source that makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not.
Finally, in this Volume, plagiarism has been described as an act of stealing in academics and will be simply referred to as academic corruption; hence, the need to incorporate anti-plagiarism into anti-corruption policy campaign.
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The next Volume will be “How to Technically Defeat and Reduce Plagiarism in Academic Writing".
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