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Since what qualifies majority if not all of our prospective Corps Members to CM, and our ex Corp members still need this in their Post graduate studies, we decided to create this section to interact and be of help to ourselves.



When determining sample size in your project/research, avoid conflict of words. If you introduce a probability error margin, then you are adopting a probability sampling (random sampling), and if otherwise, then you adopt non probability sampling (non random sampling). A non random sampling cannot be fitted where you introduced a probability constant.


I have come in contact with hundreds of final year students, master students and doctoral students seeking help on an academic project that seems not achievable. After spending quality time, they ended up wasting precious time and resources. Some even face with the expiration of their studentship. May I quickly inform you that before embarking on a project topic, ask your self the following questions:

  1. Will this study be achievable?
  2. Can I have access to primary data collection (if primary data)?
  3. Can I have access to secondary data collection (if secondary data)?
  4. Can I analyze the data conveniently?
  5. Can I seek for help on this topic?
  6. Has any similar work been conducted by earlier researchers?
  7. What is the financial implication? Can I afford it? It is only when you are able to answer all the questions that you can embark on the project writing.

Best of luck.


5TH AUGUST, 2019
Reducing plagiarism can be achieved through the following means:
Paraphrase: If you are using an idea that you got from another source, put it in your own words. Read the passage carefully and paraphrase severally till the clarity or full understanding is ensured. Then, write the idea down without looking at the initial idea which belongs to someone else. If you use more than two words in a row that are copied directly from the source, you should consider using a direct quote instead.
Ensure Good and Accurate Citing: Sources must be properly and correctly cited. The use of proper parenthetical citation is needed whenever ideas from another source are used. The following styles of citation are often required in academic (APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard, etc.). Failure of forgetting to cite a source correctly may look simple, but it is referred to as plagiarism which I often called academic robbery.
Use quotes when necessary: If there is need to restate some ideas taken from a particular source word-for-word, you will need to place it within quotation marks. Ensure high diligence is maintained during the process of copying the quote correctly. Changing the words within a quote is disrespectful to the author who created it, hence it is strongly disallowed. If the quote is longer than 40 words, paraphrasing is the best option instead. Otherwise, there will be devoid of originality in your writeup.
Cite quotes properly: Proper citation of a quote follows a slightly different procedure than paraphrasing does. Use a beginning and an end quotation mark, and follow it with a complete parenthetical in-text citation. Example: Adeniran (2016) states that "the pertinence of transport cannot be far-fetched from or beyond economic necessity, spatial diffusion and social consolidation".
The use of plagiarism detection software: Technology has made it easier to detect plagiarism for better adjustment. This is supported by websites that offer free software to check academic writings for plagiarism. Should in case plagiarism is detected, some time should be spent on reworking the work contents.
Cite your previously-submitted works if you use them: This may seem counterintuitive, but even stealing words and ideas from yourself is a serious offence. That's because the credit needs to be given to the instructor of your previous course who assisted you in developing your ideas. Not to mention, your current instructor needs to know that you have written on this topic before and that you are building on previous knowledge.
Consider getting help from an essay writing service: Submitting a purchased paper as your own still counts as plagiarism. Even though you have been granted permission, you are still passing off another person's words and ideas as your own. However, a writing service like BUTY GLOBAL can provide guidance through the writing process.
Add a reference page or a ‘works cited’ page: List all your references on an organized ‘works cited' page that you hand in along with your paper.
Include your ideas: The nature of academia is to continually build on the ideas of others, but each contributor must do his or her part to add new ideas to the body of literature. Your thoughts and perspectives must be included in the body of literature.
Seek help from your scholars: If you are having difficulties understanding any of your sources, talk to your instructor. He or she can guide you in his or her expectations and coach you in a deeper understanding of the texts so that you can generate your ideas from them.
This paper was culled from
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BUTY GLOBAL is duly registered with CAC. Our aim is to contribute significantly to knowledge. We offer professional service of Writing (Undergraduate project, Master dissertation, Doctoral thesis), Copy-Editing, Proofreading, Short assignments, and Journal publishing for academicians.


29TH JULY, 2019
1.0 What is Plagiarism?
According to Merriam-Webster online dictionary, plagiarism is the stealing of someone else’s idea without giving credit to the source and thereby presenting an idea or product as new and original. Also, Stepchyshym and Nelson (2007) define plagiarism as the wrongful appropriation and stealing, and publication of another author's language, thoughts, ideas or expression, and the representation of them as one's original work. The thoughts of Stepchyshym and Nelson concerning the definition of plagiarism was coined out of the Oxford English dictionary and modified.
2.0 The Big Issue
The reports of plagiarism are prevalent in this modern era whereby the internet has made it easy to source information. Young researchers in academia easily claim the authority of such information obtained from the internet without giving credit to the source. This has hindered deep thinking and brilliant solutions to emanate as a research outcome. Plagiarism mostly occurs when researchers in academia failed to identify gaps from the literature review and thereby filling the identified gaps. The identification of research gaps from literature and filling the gaps is referred to as the statement of the research problem and not the statement of the problem. There is needed to come up with a summary of how the research will have plausible result more than the existing works that have been carried out.

The difference between a statement of the research problem and the statement of the problem is that:
The statement of research problem deals with the identification of research gaps and contributing innovative approach to improving the existing work. This is mostly applicable to Doctoral Thesis and Master Dissertation. The summary at the end of the statement of the research problem is the contribution to knowledge emanating from the researcher.
Statement of the problem is the identification of problems. This is mostly applicable in Undergraduate Final Year Project and Postgraduate Diploma Project.
The above sentences were the conversations between Professor Samson Olawale FADARE of the Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife and Mr Adetayo Olaniyi ADENIRAN of the Federal University of Technology Akure.
3.0 Dynamics of Academic Plagiarism
According to Turnitin (2017), the following are considered to be the forms of plagiarism of how plagiarism exists:
 Turning in someone else’s work as your own;
 Copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit;
 Failing to put a quotation in quotation marks;

 Giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation;
 Changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit;
 Copying so many words or ideas from a source that makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not.
Finally, in this Volume, plagiarism has been described as an act of stealing in academics and will be simply referred to as academic corruption; hence, the need to incorporate anti-plagiarism into anti-corruption policy campaign.
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The next Volume will be “How to Technically Defeat and Reduce Plagiarism in Academic Writing".
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Volume 1

27TH JULY, 2019


Project writing is an independent task that is required of every undergraduate student and or postgraduate diploma student in tertiary institutions, Dissertation is an independent task that is required of every master student at the postgraduate level, and Thesis is an independent task that is required of every doctoral (PhD) student at the postgraduate level. Despite the fact that the students are expected to carry out the task independently, they are always guided or supervised by academic staff. Apart from the student’s supervisor, there is also an external supervisor is usual who will provide an external and autonomous check on the task.
The difference between a project, dissertation, and thesis can be traceable to the difference between a statement of problem and statement of the problem, which will be further explained as we progress with the article. When structuring the given task, there are three stages:

  1. The proposal stage: In this stage, the following should be noted: Introduction (Background to the study, Problem statement, Aim and Objectives, Hypothes(i/e)s, Significance, Scope, Limitation, Definition of operational terms, methodology, and references.
  2. The progress stage: In this stage, the following should be noted: i. Chapter one: Introduction (Background to the study, Problem statement, Aim and Objectives, Hypothes(i/e)s, Significance, Scope, Limitation, Study area, and Definition of operational terms. ii. Chapter two: Literature review (Introduction, Theoretical framework, Conceptual framework, and Empirical review). iii. Chapter three: Methodology (Research design, Population, Sampling technique, Sampling frame and size, Method of data collection, Instrument of data collection, Justification of sampling with data collection and data types, and Method of data analysis.
  3. The final stage: In this stage, the following should be noted: i. Chapter one: Introduction (Background to the study, Problem statement, Aim and Objectives, Hypothes(i/e)s, Significance, Scope, Limitation, Study area, and Definition of operational terms. ii. Chapter two: Literature review (Introduction, Theoretical framework, Conceptual framework, and Empirical review). iii. Chapter three: Methodology (Research design, Population, Sampling technique, Sampling frame and size, Method of data collection, Instrument of data collection, Justification of sampling with data collection and data types, and Method of data analysis. iv. Chapter four: Data analysis and discussion of findings (In line with the objectives). v. Chapter five: Summary of findings, Conclusion, and Policy implications or Recommendations.

We will elaborate more on each chapter in the next volume of the article.

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In a natural phenomenon, a newly born child is not taught before committing an evil deed, he bites the nipple of his mothers' breast and smiles to the mother. It is, therefore, true that all human are born evil and the organization of human beings made up the world, and complex to live because of the multiplication of human evil deeds. It is pertinent to note that the newly born child will then transition from one stage to another and in the process, he cannot be void or empty, hence the need for education.

In Nigeria and many developing nations of the world, the major indicator that makes them different from the developed nations in education. In the South-Western and North-Eastern part of Nigeria, the major indicator that distinguishes them is the level of education. Education in the developed countries has illuminated the mind of citizens which result in sustainable living that is evidenced today. Also, the percentage of educated citizens in the South-Western part of Nigeria that is known for peace today is quite more than that of the North-Eastern part of Nigeria where terrorism and killings are predominant. To avert terror acts, violence, and killings, there is a need to embrace education. It will bring about sustainable living.

Education is a term that was derived from the Latin word “educator educare” which means to bring up, to develop, to educate fully all the potentialities of an individual. According to the Oxford Dictionary, education is the process of passing or delivering intellectual, moral, and social instruction directly or indirectly to acquire knowledge, sound attributes and attitude, and values that should be possessed by individual to make life sustainable.

Education is a process that begins immediately a man is born and terminates immediately after death. Whatever the dead will encounter in the grave is dependent on how his mind and thoughts have been illuminated. Education is light that illuminates the heart and shapes the revelations of the mind. The relevance of education cannot be far-fetched from or beyond making the world sustainable. It is a means of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger that was itemized in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), hence “Illiteracy Perpetuate Poverty”.

The process of instilling education can either be through the direct or indirect process or both processes. It is a direct process when the student is being trained by parents or elder family members in the home, teachers in school or any other person in the environs. It is an indirect process in the sense that student learns personally from natural phenomenon; for instance, a five-year-old child that encountered animals mating will have the understanding that sexual intercourse existence.

However, the dynamics of sexual intercourse may remain unknown without a direct education process. It is, therefore, crucial to emphasize direct education which will always give light to the glimpse of junks that were conjured in the mind of a child through an indirect process of education.

In this write-up, direct education shall be referred to as formal education. It can be clearly stated that the degree of educated citizens in a location is significant the level of development which is captured by the following indices: improvement in the general welfare of the entire society, reduced unemployment, reduced personal and regional inequalities, reduced poverty, improvement in production, improvement in health, improvement in housing, social and political consciousness of the citizen, reduced pollution and environmental degradation. These and many among other positive indices are attributed to an atmosphere where the majority of the dwellers are formally educated. Education increases citizen's participation in governance such that good governance will become realizable.

Finally, to realize sustainable living and overall development, education should be made available to human beings as freedom or right. From the Holy Bible (Matthew chapter 12 Verse 34-35) “out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks. The good man brings good things out of the good stored up in him”. Depositing of good attributes in man is done in stages, particularly from birth. This process is referred to as education. Therefore, realizing sustainable living is dependent on the number of good things stored up in a man through direct education.

Culled from Adeniran Adetayo (Founder of BUTY GLOBAL)
An Award-Winning Essay

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